From “Dialogue” to “Revolution” in Kenya: A Ten Point Theoretical Perspective
Kenya might be approaching the cross roads. According to Raila Odinga, leader of the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (CORD) a huge political storm is gathering on the horizons as political crisis facing the Jubilee government also deepens. In fact, the regime is so scared that Uhuru Kenyatta, the President, has cancelled a scheduled IGAD meeting of African Heads of State in Ethiopia because of fears that his government “might be overthrown” during his absence. This is probably the most serious indication that the Jubilee coalition is rapidly weakening from within ahead of a major crumble. What is the possibility that the Jubilee government might soon be brought down through a mass insurrection, a general uprising, civil disobedience or even an armed struggle?
To delve into this analysis, a brief summary of the political situation in Kenya is key to appreciating the looming threat of revolution that might vanquish not just Uhuru Kenyatta’s dictatorship but also terminate the hegemony of the Mount Kenya Mafia cartel that has literally held more than 40 million Kenyans hostage in their own country for more than a decade.
Jubilee’s failure to deliver on a single election pledge
It is now official that the Jubilee government is illegal and even the most sycophantic Jubilee supporters now agree that the Match 2013 election was stolen through the conniving of the IEBC and the subsequent compromisation of the Mutunga-led Supreme Court to endorse the stolen election allegedly at gun-point. This second stealing of elections in a row is just part of the matrix that seems to have convinced millions of Kenyans that the Mount Kenya bandwagon must go by any means necessary.
Since it assumed power, the Jubilee government has been unable to meet a single expectation of the people of Kenya. Kenyans are starving to death while hundreds are dying due to insecurity, treatable diseases, summery executions by trigger-happy police, political assassinations and road accidents due to corruption within the police force.
The corrupt Jubilee government has failed to deliver on a single election pledge. Laptops for school pupils are nowhere to be seen, free maternal health care remains a distant mirage, insecurity is rampant across the country while the hopes and aspirations of millions of youths promised jobs have effectively evaporated because so far, nothing is happening. The poor masses of the Kenyan people can no longer afford the high cost of living as a result of run-away prices of basic consumer commodities while workers living on starvation wages are so impoverished that they can no longer live from hand to mouth.
The Kalenjin short-changed by Mount Kenya Mafia cartel
Instead, the Jubilee government has taken corruption a notch higher than Kibaki’s regime while tribalism in the appointment of civil servants is incomparable to any other regime since the colonial revolution. Worse still, the fragile Jubilee Coalition is lurching from crisis to crisis with the Kalenjin wing of the Kikuyu-Kalenjin Coalitition struggling to come to grips with the fact that the community has been cheated by the Mount Kenya Mafia cartel out of a 50-50 pre-election power sharing deal. The anti-Ruto camp in the Rift Valley is slowly gravitating towards Cord and today, millions of Kenyans will bet their livers that very few Kalenjins can throw their weight behind the Mount Kenya Mafia cartel in the event of a political crisis. Similarly, progressive Kikuyus have arrived at the conclusion that their kith are leading Kenya astray, if not, driving Kenya towards a “41 against 1″ civil war.
The smell of revolution in the air
As the political crisis deepens, the internal cracks within Jubilee widens, the regime panics, demand for dialogue escalates and the storm gathers, members of the inept Kikuyu ruling class are systematically being isolated. After rigging two subsequent elections, subjecting millions of Kenyans to untold human suffering and then short-changing the Kalenjin, the myopic, ruthless, tribalistic, incompetent, corrupt, murderous and thieving gang of blood suckers running government through the back door are being seen as the main problem in Kenya.
It is for these reasons that millions of Kenyans view Raila Odinga’s call for dialogue as a milder option in the situation because some disillusioned Kenyans are already asking for guns since they don’t believe that dialogue will actually solve the problem.
Since the overthrow of the Moi regime through a democratic election in 2002, the smell of revolution is once again in the air and, to be exact (and just like the Olympic games), what is missing in Kenya is the “lighting of the fire” to set off a virulent revolution that will forever obliterate election thieves, wealth and land grabbers to open the way for democracy and the rule of law where all Kenyans can live together as equal human beings.
It is in this light that at this juncture, it is important to break down the process that might catapult Raila’s call for dialogue into an all-out revolutionary struggle that might overthrow the Jubilee regime before its record is dumped into the dust-bins of history. The following is a summary of a possible sequence of events.
The Ten Possible Stages of the “Anti-Mount Kenya Mafia Revolution”
1. If Jubilee rejects Cord’s call for dialogue, and if Cord lives up to its word, the Coalition will go ahead with mass rallies. These rallies will be banned by the government because the regime is currently on “panic mode”. The banning of the rallies will, in itself “fire” the desire of Kenyans to hold the rallies because the ban will be seen as a violation of the Constitution by Jubilee for reasons of political survival. Given the time, energy and money spent on the writing of the New Constitution, and given the hopes millions of Kenyans peg on the Constitution, Kenyans will be ready to defy the Jubilee government to exercise their right to free Assembly regardless of the circumstances. They defied Kenyatta, they defied Moi, they defied Kibaki and they will defy Uhuru.
2. If the masses defy the ban on rallies, the Jubilee government will be tempted to send police, the GSU and the army to cordon off rally venues. In such a situation, there is almost 100% surety that a confrontation between Cord supporters and security forces will ensue. This is where the situation will begin to change dramatically because violence will break out.
3. There will be riots across Kenya, burning, looting and wanton destruction of property. According to the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) Kenya has 24,120 soldiers while Interpol places the number of policemen and police women in Kenya at 35,000. With the approximate number of GSU personnel at 5,000, the number of security personnel at the government’s disposal in Kenya stands at 64,120. This adds up to approximately 624 Kenyans being guarded by 1 security officer. In the event of a national uprising to topple the Jubilee government, the security forces will be no match to the masses of the Kenyan people and toppling the Uhuru regime will depend on the level of Cord’s preparedness. The logic is based on the fact that on the basis of the tyranny of numbers, security forces will be unable to contain unrest in 47 counties if the uprising is happening simultaneously.
4. In the major towns and cities especially Nairobi, Kisumu and Mombasa, there will be massive shooting by security forces to scare the public. This will result in a major blood bath by the Jubilee government which Cord has to be prepared for. Already, the government is being led by suspected war criminals with massive blood on their hands. This time, the killings by security forces under the command of the regime will be worse because both the war criminals and the Mount Kenya Mafia cartel will be fighting for political survival. It will be their opportunity to make their last stand. Under the circumstances, thousands of Kenyans will be killed in the process of the Anti-Mount Kenya Mafia revolution.
5. For the “International community”, the expected massacres will be unacceptable and will prompt immediate debate at the United Nations as to whether the “International Community” should just watch or intervene to save millions of Kenyans from being slaughtered by an illegal and rogue regime unable to govern. The example of Rwanda will be used at the UN to underline the danger of ethnic differences and the possibility of genocide.
6. Already, the “International community” has advised its citizens to leave Kenya due to insecurity and this means that they will be more than ready to rush to the UN for an intervention. Another problem is that the country has been sold to the Chinese by Uhuru and the West will be too eager to get back “what belongs to the West” aka Kenya through “regime change” and in the name of “the people” of Kenya. As soon as security forces begin to kill civilians, a golden opportunity will be created for the West to strike, capture Uhuru and Ruto to be carted away to the Hague where they will be locked behind bars to allow Bensouda to do her job without “witness interference”. Kenyans who will be killed by security forces during the revolution will be heaped on the cases of Uhuruto to help lock them in for 100 years. Once they arrive at The Hague, both Uhuru and Ruto menace will be finished forever.
7. Usually, an intervention by the “International community” is a military intervention. The Kenyan military (with some forces still wasting time in Somalia) will be no match to any UN authorized intervention. According to KRA’s intelligence, the first to be bombed will be the military barracks followed by radar and other military installations, State House, Office of President, Office of Vice President, Office of Police Commissioner and NSIS headquarters. In these kinds of situations, it is usually important to destroy all symbols of power because this demoralizes the ruling class and makes them (and supporters) understand that “it’s over”. Parliament, Central Bank, Treasury, KICC, JKIA and the General Post Office will all be spared to allow any subsequent regime to have the necessary infrastructure to set up an Interim regime.
8. As the revolution enters into the stage where security personnel begin to kill Kenyans to try and save the Uhuruto regime, Raila Odinga will either have to go into hiding or flee the country otherwise he will be killed. The regime (together with the Mafia) will be so desperate and afraid of losing power that they will try to resort to desperate actions as a matter of political survival. It is at this point that killing Raila Odinga will become an option and if the Cord leader’s Intelligence unit sleeps, Raila will be no more by the time Uhuruto are carted to the Hague.
9. Whether in hiding or in temporary exile, and as the Jubilee government begins to collapse, Cord will have to set a “Kenya National Transitional Council (KNTC)” whose only task will be to organize a fresh and democratic election so that Kenyans can elect leaders of their choice. KNTC will have to be set up as soon as security forces are sent to begin killing Kenyans because these killings will mark the beginning of the end of the Jubilee regime. Depending on circumstances, resistance of Jubilee thieves using security forces may be protracted and this may prompt the opposition to set up the “Free Kenya Army” to help liberate the country. If the revolution takes this road, liberation will take a slightly longer period because it will mean an armed struggle “Syrian style” where opposition trains and arms its soldiers to confront government soldiers on the battle field. Hopefully, it will not get to this because the perspective is that both Uhuru and Ruto will be captured quite easily thereby saving Kenya from a protracted bloodbath that might turn Kenya into another Somalia.
10. Once both Uhuru and Ruto are captured, KNTC will take over the country’s leadership and call for elections in six months to one year. The elections will then decide who leads Kenya.
It has to be emphasized that this is only a theoretical perspective of KRA and not a blue print of the development of events in the run up to Saba Saba and the toppling of the Jubilee government. It is a “rough guide” to the looming Kenyan revolution especially if Raila’s call for dialogue is ignored by Uhuru. This perspective does not endorse violence in the resolution of the political crisis looming in Kenya but tries to lay bare the stark realities possible under the prevailing circumstances.
Kenya Red Alliance (KRA)
Mount Kenya Pyramid Power Structure and Looting Scheme
Name one country in the world that’s ever developed as a result of a coup. You just want to create anarchy so you can loot peoples wealth. You forget simple logic. Uhuru was elected by God and God will protect him. Uhuru is sorting things for all Kenyans, so give up on your so called revolution and get behind our great leader.
KSB: Your comment has been edited because it constituted what is called “hate speech” which could take you to The Hague. I have not called for a coup in Kenya neither have I called for anarchy. I have given a perspective of what is possible if Raila’s call for dialogue is not heeded by Uhuru Kenyatta. Get this right! Re-read the article to get its main thrust.
“Omondi Tunya” if God “SELECTED” Uhuru, since he was never in Kenya to vote, why would you panic because of Osewe’s hypothesis? You seem not to have understood his conclusion that:
“It has to be emphasized that this is only a theoretical perspective of KRA and not a blue print of the development of events in the run up to Saba Saba and the toppling of the Jubilee government. It is a “rough guide” to the looming Kenyan revolution especially if Raila’s call for dialogue is ignored by Uhuru. This perspective does not endorse violence in the resolution of the political crisis looming in Kenya but tries to lay bare the stark realities possible under the prevailing circumstances.”
Tunya bin Tunya — go figure out for yourself:
Soldiers in Mali, a West African nation often cited as a democratic model, overthrew the elected government on Thursday, looted the presidential palace, arrested ministers and declared that they had seized power.
It was the latest government to fall as a consequence of the Arab Spring, though in this case it did not come through popular uprisings or protests for democracy. To the contrary, Mali was preparing to hold elections only a month from now, and the president, adhering to the Constitution, was not running again.
Drunken soldiers have looted Mali’s presidential palace just hours after they took power. The coup deposed a president, who was just one month away from stepping down.
The mutineers say they’re overthrowing the government because of its mishandling of an insurgency in the country’s north.
Since the uprising began, tens of thousands of civilians have been forced to flee, and the soldiers sent to put down the insurgency say they’ve suffered serious casualties because they’re poorly equipped.
Other Successful Coup d’etats in Africa
• 1966–Jan 3rd: Sangoulé Lamizana overthrows Maurice Yaméogo
• 1980–Nov 25th: Saye Zerbo overthrows Sangoulé Lamizana
• 1982–Nov 7th: Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo overthrows Saye Zerbo
• 1983–Aug 4th:Thomas Sankara and Blaise Compaoré overthrow Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo
• 1987–Oct 15th: Blaise Compaoré overthrows Thomas Sankara
• 1966–Jul 8th: Ntare V overthrows Mwambutsa IV
• 1966–Nov 28th: Michel Micombero overthrows Ntare V
• 1976–Nov 10th: Jean-Baptiste Bagaza overthrows Michel Micombero
• 1987–Sep 9th: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Jean-Baptiste Bagaza
• 1996–Jul 25th: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Sylvestre Ntibantunganya
Central African Republic
• 1966–Jan 1st: Jean-Bédel Bokassa overthrows David Dacko
• 1979–Sep 21st: David Dacko overthrows Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa
• 1981–Sep 1st: André Kolingba overthrows David Dacko
• 2003–Mar 15th: François Bozizé overthrows Ange-Félix Patassé
• 1975–Apr 13th: Noël Milarew Odingar overthrows François Tombalbay
• 1982–Jun 7th: Hissène Habré overthrows Goukouni Oueddei
• 1990–Dec 1st: Idriss Déby overthrows Hissène Habré Comoros
• 1975–Aug 3rd: Said Mohamed Jaffar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
• 1978–May 23: Ahmed Abdallah and Bob Denard overthrow Ali Soilih
• 1989–Nov 26th: Said Mohamed Djohar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
• 1995–Sep 28th: Bob Denard overthrows Said Mohamed Djohar for 7 days. (see Operation Azalee)
• 1999–Apr 30th: Azali Assoumani overthrows Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde
• 1963–Aug 15th: Alphonse Massemba-Débat overthrows Fulbert Youlou
• 1968–Sep 4th: Marien Ngouabi overthrows Alphonse Massemba-Débat
• 1979–Feb 8th: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Joachim Yhombi-Opango
• 1997–Oct 25th: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Pascal Lissouba
Democratic Republic of the Congo
• 1960–Sep 14th: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Patrice Lumumba
• 1965–Nov 25th: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Joseph Kasa-Vubu
• 1997–May 16: Laurent-Désiré Kabila overthrows Mobutu Sese Seko
• 1999–Dec 24th: Robert Guéï overthrows Henri Konan Bédié (see 1999 Ivorian coup d’état)
• 2011–Apr 11th: Alassane Ouattara with French army overthrow Laurent Gbagbo the legitimate winner of the 2010 election
• 1952–23 Jul: Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrow King Farouk I
• 1979 – September 29: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo overthrows Francisco Macias Nguema
• 1910–Ras Tessema Nadew and Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis against Empress Taytu, regent of the incapacitated Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia
• 1916–a group of aristocrats, including Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis and Ras Tafari Makonnen, against Emperor Iyasu V.
• 1974–Sep 12th: Aman Mikael Andom overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie I
• 1974–Nov 17th: Tafari Benti overthrows Aman Mikael Andom
• 1977–Feb 3rd: Mengistu Haile Mariam overthrows Tafari Benti
• 1991–May 21: Meles Zenawi and the EPRDF overthrow Mengistu Haile Mariam
• 1994–Jul 22nd: Yahya Jammeh overthrows Dawda Jawara
• 1966–Feb 24th: Joseph Arthur Ankrah overthrows Kwame Nkrumah
• 1972–Jan 13th: Ignatius Kutu Acheampong overthrows Kofi Abrefa Busia
• 1978–Jul 5th: Fred Akuffo overthrows Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
• 1979–Jun 4th: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Fred Akuffo
• 1981–Dec 31st: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Hilla Limann
• 1984–Apr 3rd: Lansana Conté overthrows Louis Lansana Beavogui
• 2008–Dec 24th: Moussa Dadis Camara overthrows Aboubacar Sompare Guinea-Bissau
• 1980–Nov 14th: João Bernardo Vieira overthrows Luís Cabral
• 1999–May 7: Ansumane Mané overthrows João Bernardo Vieira
• 2003–Sep 14th: Veríssimo Correia Seabra overthrows Kumba Iala
• 1986–Jan 18th: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows Leabua Jonathan • 1990–Nov 12th: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows King Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho
• 1991–May 2: Elias Phisoana Ramaema overthrows Justin Metsing Lekhanya
• 1980–Apr 12th: Staff Sergeant Samuel K. Doe overthrows President William R. Tolbert, Jr.
• 1990–Sep 9th: Prince Johnson overthrows President Samuel K. Doe
• 1969–Sep 1st: Muammar al-Gaddafi overthrows King Idris I of Libya
• 1972–Oct 11th: Gabriel Ramanantsoa overthrows Philibert Tsiranana
• 1975–Feb 5th: Richard Ratsimandrava overthrows Gabriel Ramanantsoa
• 2009–Mar 17th: Andry Rajoelina overthrows Marc Ravalomanana (see 2009 Malagasy political crisis)
• 1968–Nov 19th: Moussa Traoré overthrows Modibo Keita
• 1991–Mar 26th: Amadou Toumani Touré overthrows Moussa Traoré
• 2012-Mar 22nd: Military overthrows Amadou Toumani Touré
• 1978–Jul 10th: Mustafa Ould Salek overthrows Moktar Ould Daddah
• 1979–Apr 6th: Ahmad Ould Bouceif and Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah overthrow Mustafa Ould
• 1980–Jan 4th: Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah overthrows Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly
• 1984–Dec 12th: Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya overthrows Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah
• 2005–Aug 3rd: Ely Ould Mohamed Vall overthrows Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya
• 2008–Aug 6th: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz overthrows Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi (see 2008 Mauritanian coup d’état)
• 1974–Apr 15th: Seyni Kountché overthrows Hamani Diori (see 1974 Nigerien coup d’état)
• 1996–Jan 27th: Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara overthrows Mahamane Ousmane (see 1996 Nigerien coup d’état)
• 1999–Apr 9th: Daouda Malam Wanke overthrows Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (see 1999 Nigerien coup d’état)
• 2010–Feb 18th: Salou Djibo overthrows Mamadou Tandja (see 2010 Nigerien coup d’état)
• 1966–Jan 15th: Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu overthrows Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
• 1966–Jul 29th: Yakubu Gowon overthrows Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
• 1975–Jul 29th: Murtala Mohammed overthrows Yakubu Gowon
• 1983–Dec 31st: Muhammadu Buhari overthrows Shehu Shagari
• 1985–Aug 27th: Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Muhammadu Buhari
• 1993–Nov 17th: Sani Abacha overthrows Ernest Shonekan
• 1973–Jul 5th: Juvénal Habyarimana overthrows Gregoire Kayibanda
• 1994–Apr 6th: Theoneste Bagosura overthrows Juvénal Habyarimana
• 1994–Jul 4th: Paul Kagame and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) overthrow Theoneste Bagosura (see Rwandan Civil War)
São Tomé and Príncipe
• 1995–Aug 15th: Manuel Quintas de Almeida overthrows Miguel Trovoada for 6 days
• 2003–Jul 16th: Fernando Pereira (major) overthrows Fradique de Menezes for 7 days
• 1977–Jun 5th: France-Albert René overthrows James Mancham
• 1967–Mar 21st: David Lansana overthrows Siaka Stevens
• 1968–Apr 19th: John Amadu Bangura overthrows Andrew Juxon-Smith
• 1992–Apr 29th: Valentine Strasser overthrows Joseph Saidu Momoh
• 1996–Jan 16th: Julius Maada Bio overthrows Valentine Strasser
• 1997–May 25: Johnny Paul Koroma overthrows Ahmed Tejan Kabbah
• 1998–Feb 12th: ECOMOG overthrows Johnny Paul Koroma
• 2000 by the Malaita Eagle Force
• 1969–Oct 21st: Muhammad Siad Barre overthrows Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
• 1991–Jan 26th: Mohammed Farrah Aidid overthrows Muhammad Siad Barre
• 1958–Nov 16th: Ibrahim Abboud overthrows Abdallah Khalil
• 1969–May 25: Gaafar al-Nimeiry overthrows Ismail al-Azhari
• 1985–Apr 6th: Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab overthrows Gaafar al-Nimeiry
• 1989–Jun 30th: Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir overthrows Ahmed al-Mirghani
• 1963–Jan 13th: Étienne Eyadéma and Emmanuel Bodjolle overthrow Sylvanus Olympio
• 1967–Jan 13th: Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo overthrow Nicolas Grunitzky
• 1957–Jul 15th: Habib Bourguiba overthrows King Muhammad VIII al-Amin
• 1987–Nov 7th: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali overthrows Habib Bourguiba
• 1966–Feb: Milton Obote overthrows King Mutesa II of Buganda
• 1971–Jan 21st: Idi Amin overthrows Milton Obote
• 1979–Apr 11th: Tanzania Peoples Defence Force and Uganda National Liberation Army overthrow Idi Amin
• 1980–May 12: Paulo Muwanga overthrows Godfrey Binaisa
• 1985–Jul 27th: Tito Okello Lutwa overthrows Milton Obote
• 1986–Jan 26th: Yoweri Museveni and the National Resistance Army overthrow Tito Okello Lutwa
• 1964–Jan 12th: John Okello overthrows Sheik Abdulrahman Muhammad Babu
Source: AFP/Wikipedia/BBC/Reuters 2012
To Secede (or Not) from Kenya?: The Case for Ingo Secession:
By mhamishi March 19, 2013
The recent 2013 General Elections in Kenya have given rise to deep divisions and an unparalled levels of ethnic animosity in the country. But the most interesting has been the emergence of talk of secession by various regional based disgruntled persons of varying ethnicities. Currently this talk by itself is not likely to lead to dissolution of this country into separate states or regions, but with the planting of this seed in the minds of many, it now does not seem inconceivable. The issue, therefore, should be taken seriously and examined carefully.
Secession politics in Kenya is not new. Currently there is a strong secessionist movement at the Coast province fronted by the Mombasa Republican Council. Previously between 1963-67 there was a secessionist conflict in North-Eastern Kenya that was called the ‘Shifta War’. At first glance these movements have legitimate historical and cultural reasons for seeking separation but a close study shows that they display an amazing ignorance of realpolitik power politics as they are driven by political adventurism/posturing against a heavily armed state machinery. For the MRC, this amateurism reached its peak in July 2012 when a court ordered the government to un-ban the MRC, with the presiding judge recommending to the MRC political registration. The MRC subsequently dismissed this suggestion and continued with its militant agenda through threating to disrupt national examinations, stopping voter registration, boycotting national elections and even disrupting the voting process. Everyone knows what happened next in October 2012.
Historically, the military option has been the most effective method of driving a successful secessionist agenda. Eritrea and Southern Sudan are examples of secessionist success in Africa with a few others currently actively engaged all over the continent and elsewhere. However in Kenya’s case, engaging in an all-out fratricidal secessionist war will lead to the deaths, maiming and displacements of hundreds of thousands with no guarantee of the results.
This leaves exploiting the political space as the only option for driving an effective secessionist movement in Kenya. Let me make it clear from this point that the Constitution of Kenya exists solely to protect the ruling class and their side-kicks so it is inconceivable for a state authority such as Kenya to voluntarily give away territory. However there is also no state authority in the world that will stand before an idea whose time has come such as a popular revolution.
The Case for Ingo Secession
I hereby unequivocally call for the Secession of the Four Counties of the historical Western Province of Kenya to form either an autonomous or independent political entity called Ingo (Luhya for Home). Ingo would be a Swiss-style confederation of the Four Counties with a collective administration and rotational head of state system.
The unsavory truth that the 2013 elections exposed is that of the 42 ethnic groups in Kenya, only a person from one of the big five of the Kikuyu, Luyha, Luo, Kalenjin and Kamba has a shot at the presidency. Of these big five, it’s only the Luhya (People from the Four Counties) who are the most democratic in terms of splitting their voting patterns for all tickets irrespective of the ethnic backgrounds of the candidates. Unfortunately the 2013 elections seem to have cemented a political hegemony that makes it virtually impossible for people from the Four Counties let alone the other 39 ethnic groups to have meaningful political aspirations in Kenya where 2 ethnic groups have now contrived to dominate the country’s politics.
The People from the Four Counties much like the rest of Kenya are at a crossroads. On the one hand, we desire peace & prosperity yet on the other hand without political equity, all other forms of equity claimed under the Constitution as well as national harmony do not amount to much.
Rather than continuing to engage in the prevailing Kenyan angst, the People from the Four Counties ought to realistically view the Case for Ingo Secession as an option that balances economic development and political equity. Indeed if one does an opportunity cost analysis, there would be a heavy price to pay for secession than if Ingo were to remain part of the Kenyan republic. But yet again, does the economic value of being part of a larger unit such as the republic outweigh the self-dignity of political equity, not being dominated by hegemonic forces? This is the fundamental question that People from the Four Counties would need to answer.
The first question is whether secession is legal. The 2010 Constitution declares Kenya a unitary state and that only through a public referendum can the boundaries of Kenya be altered. Here we learn a telling mistake from the MRC on why they are being so ineffective; the same 2010 constitution has devolved and granted county governments, a trojan horse which the MRC chose to ignore. The political entities that are the counties of Kenya offer an amazing legal loophole for Ingo Secession because there is no legal limitation on them from marshaling Plebiscites among the Four Counties for secession. Such referenda would draw inspiration/be similar to the 1995 Quebec Referendum, the 2009, 2011 & 2014 Catalonia Independence Referendums. Simply put, whilst the Constitution of Kenya is a strong legal document, there is no constitution or other legal document that can stand in the way when a population votes in a referendum for Self-Determination which is one of the guaranteed human rights under the UN Charter of 1948.
The Shifta War insurgents and the MRC adopted a militant posture for their demands which was a welcome cue to Kenya government to respond with violence in a pattern that implies secession is illegal and unconstitutional, and severe punishment awaits those who try to secede. However this is the same government that was a key player in the 2005 Sudan CPA as well as in provision of logistics and training for the 2011 South Sudan referendum. Whilst the Kenya government has the legal case against secession, it does not have the moral argument to enforce unity when a populace has voted for secession. The court of international public opinion would make it difficult for the Kenya government to act against the Case for Ingo Secession if the People of the Four Counties can conduct a well-organized, free and fair referendum that advocates for secession.
A second question arises over whether the Kenya government could allow the People of the Four Counties to secede, especially since without a doubt this action would trigger a domino-effect on other counties most notably in the Nyanza and Coast regions. If one of either Ingo, Nyanza or Coast regions secedes, rest assured that the next day the other two would follow suit which would be a living nightmare for the Kenya government threatening its very existence, sovereignty and power over the remaining regions. Most likely under pretext of the need to maintain law and order, the Kenya government would come up with an excuse for invasion of the secessionist counties. For them to maintain control of these seceding counties, they would need to conduct some form of genocide, ethnic cleansing, concentration camps and curfews like they did in the 1984 Wagalla Massacre and 2008 Mount Elgon Operations. However military action against a freely independent voting populace would invite extra-ordinary condemnation and sanctions from the international community as well as further inflame secessionist movements in the other counties. Additionally, it is hard to think that the troops would actually bludgeon or kill people expressing freely their right to self-determination. Even if they proceed with the orders, their current ethnic constitution where they are dominated by certain ethnic groups would be seen as some form of genocide resulting in a population that would be uncontrollable by the Kenya government.
The realistic scenario is that the Kenya government, instead of engaging in futile military actions, would seek to negotiate some agreements around greater Ingo autonomy as well as demonstrating the extent of financial risk for an independent Ingo entity with the hope that such ‘carrot-stick’ scenarios would win back the Four Counties to the republic. In voting for a referendum for autonomy/independence, the People of the Four Counties need to know their worth and at the very least to walk out such a vote with political autonomy, separate vote and own documentation (passports, id’s etc).
There would be another strategy that the Kenya government would employ against secessionist counties that involves no military actions but a few phone calls where they would call the Nakumatts, Equity Banks, StanCharts and other business operations in the Four Counties to cease doing business. This economic sabotage has happened before where bus companies and other businesses have been held back during elections and other periods so as to deny people from Ingo travel or other activities. In fact the economics is the glaring weak link for People from the Four Counties; until they manage to develop/own the systems and means of productions across a broad economic base, Ingo would be highly dependent on others in the short run 5-15 years.
However in my opinion, in the long run an economic sabotage programme would be the best for the Four Counties as it would enable the people to rapidly develop self-sufficiency through “import replacement” where all the goods and services that are currently consumed in the counties would have to be produced locally. Initially they would be expensive but over time would improve in cost and quality as well as put more people to work through intelligent recycling and manufacturing. Also with over 5 million people spread across the region, the Four Counties would be in a better position to harvest the rewards of the abundant human capital in the form of a well spread tax base to provide county revenue and services.
The People of the Four Counties and Ingo do not have the obvious geographical advantages that Coast region would have (by virtue of having ports, airports, tourism, infrastructure etc), therefore the Case for Secession needs to acknowledge the Tyranny of Geography where as a landlocked entity it would be dependent on others for import-export gateways. The Case for Ingo Secession argues that in order for it to be successful, the Four Counties need to establish economic viability through specializing in production of high value items that need air shipments e.g. medical devices, engineering components, jewelry etc as well as services like education, insurance, banking and tourism etc.
I am personally very optimistic about the potential and Case for Ingo Secession because I foresee that the current ethnic polarization in Kenya has set the grounds for the inevitable Yugoslavia type of breakup be it in 10-60 years; it’s not a matter of if but when therefore the Four Counties would best be prepared to survive and move forward from this eventuality. Even if it’s not ethnic hatred that splits Kenya apart, the winds of global crisis indicate a future where national economies will be forced to transform themselves with more emphasis on local economies. From high oil prices to real-estate bubbles, spiraling national debt to resource scarcity, the future would require a downscale and re-scale of everything where a small, independent entity like the Four Counties would be better buffered through relatively self-sufficiency.
Kenya is not working; it’s time for the People of the Four Counties to make a Case for Ingo Secession!
1.2013 The Luhya Have Set a Good Precedent: Edwin Mulochi (The Star Kenya Mar 16 2013)
2.2013 Kenya Electoral Politics and Transition: Antony Otieno Ong’ayo
3.2012 Losing the coast: Kenya’s secessionist dilemma, Patrick Kelly (Africa News 27 July 2012)
4.2012 Kenya: Secession Is Not the Best Option for Coast, Hassan Ole Naado (The Star Kenya 3 February 2012)
5.2000 The Case against Secession: Mackubin Thomas Owens
6.2005 The Case for American Secession: Still a Good Idea by Kirkpatrick Sale
7.2007 A Theory of Secession, The Case for Political Self-Determination: Christopher Heath Wellman
“KRA has historically fallen short of its revenue collection targets, partly because of the complexity of the country’s taxation laws and poor compliance levels, especially by wealthy individuals and multinationals. Inability to collect the right taxes has reduced KRA’s focus to easy options like income and consumption taxes.
Income tax, for instance, is the most important source of ordinary revenue for KRA, making up about 50 per cent of the total collection.”
Jubilee Government Kaa Kimya >>>
A new research has revealed that during the past year, the US and other countries in possession of nuclear weapons have upgraded and boosted their arsenal despite a commitment to reduce the number of their nukes.
The Sweden-based Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said on Monday that the US and Russia are jointly in possession of more than 90 percent of the World’s nuclear arsenal.
Estimates show the US has about 7,300 warheads while Russia has 8,000.
“Once again this year, the nuclear weapon-possessing states took little action to indicate a genuine willingness to work toward complete dismantlement of their nuclear arsenals,” SIPRI researchers Shannon Kile and Phillip Patton Schell said in a statement.
The report also said that the possessors of nukes continued to upgrade their nuclear forces and delivery systems.
“The long-term modernization programs under way in these states suggest their views that nuclear weapons will remain deeply embedded elements of their strategic calculus.”
Based on the report, the US has allocated 350 billion dollars for upgrading and maintaining its nuclear forces in the coming 10-year period.
“Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the overall number of nuclear warheads in the world”. However, in its yearly report on world nuclear forces, the SIPRI think tank cautioned that the decline does not imply a real commitment by the nuclear powers to give up their arsenals.
Experts say that the nuclear armed countries have only given up their old nuclear weapons which had high maintenance costs and replaced them with the upgraded ones that have a much higher destruction power.
Barbarians in 21st century <<<<<>>>>>>
Hell in Kenya One of tourist paradise Lamu Island turned graves>